Development and Application of a Simulation Tool for Vertical and Horizontal Axis Wind Turbines of Wind Turbine Airfoils.

Proceedings of ASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition June 3, 2013
Authors:  J. Wendler, D. Marten, G. Pechlivanoglou, C. N. Nayeri, C. O. Paschereit

A double-multiple-streamtube vertical axis wind turbine simulation and design module has been integrated within the open-source wind turbine simulator QBlade. QBlade also contains the XFOIL airfoil analysis functionality, which makes the software a single tool that comprises all functionality needed for the design and simulation of vertical or horizontal axis wind turbines. The functionality includes two dimensional airfoil design and analysis, lift and drag polar extrapolation,rotor blade design and wind turbine performance simulation.The QBlade software also inherits a generator module, pitch and rotational speed controllers, geometry export functionality and the simulation of rotor characteristics maps. Besides that,QBlade serves as a tool to compare different blade designs and their performance and to thoroughly investigate the distribution of all relevant variables along the rotor in an included post processor. The benefits of this code will be illustrated with two different case studies. The first case dealswith the effect of stall delaying vortex generators on a vertical axis wind turbinerotor. The second case outlines the impact of helical blades and blade number on the time varying loads of a vertical axis wind turbine.